J. Phys. I France 7 (1997) 877-887
Persistent Currents in Interacting Systems: Role of the SpinGeorges Bouzerar and Didier Poilblanc
Groupe de Physique Théorique, Laboratoire de Physique Quantique, Université Paul Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse, France
(Received 5 July 1996, received in final form 27 March 1997, accepted 1 April 1997)
Persistent currents flowing through disordered mesoscopic rings threaded by a magnetic flux are investigated. Models of fermions with on-site interactions (Hubbard model) or models of spinless fermions with nearest neighbor interactions are considered on 2D cylinders with twisted boundary conditions in one direction to account for a magnetic flux. Self-consistent Hartree-Fock methods are used to treat the electron-electron interaction beyond first order. We show that the second harmonic of the current (which is relevant in the diffusive regime) is strongly suppressed by the interaction in the case of spinless fermions while it is significantly enhanced in the Hubbard model. Our data also strongly suggest that the reduction (increase) of this harmonic is related to a strong increase (reduction) of the spatial fluctuations of the charge density.
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