J. Phys. I France 4 (1994) 499-506
Recurrent clogging and density waves in granular material flowing through a narrow pipeThorsten Pöschel
HLRZ, KFA Jülich, Postfach 1913, D-52425 Jülich, Germany and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, FB Physik, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Invalidenstrafie 110, D-10115 Berlin, Germany
(Received 29 November 1993, received in final form 17 December 1993, accepted 7 January 1994)
We report on density waves in granular material, investigated both experimentally and numerically. When granular material falls through a long narrow pipe one observes recurrent clogging. The kinetic energy of the falling particles increases up to a characteristic threshold corresponding to the onset of recurrent clogging and density waves of no definite wavelength. The distances between regions of high density depend strongly on the initial conditions. They vary irregularly without any characteristic time and length scale. The particle-flow was investigated using 2D Molecular Dynamics simulations. Experimental investigations lead to equivalent results.
© Les Editions de Physique 1994