Numéro
J. Phys. I France
Volume 5, Numéro 6, June 1995
Page(s) 639 - 656
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/jp1:1995157
DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1995157
J. Phys. I France 5 (1995) 639-656

Stress Distribution in Granular Media and Nonlinear Wave Equation

J.-P. Bouchaud1, M.E. Cates2, 3 and P. Claudin2

1  Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé, CEA, Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France
2  Cavendish Laboratory, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK
3  Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK


(Received 3 December 1993, extended version received 17 February 1995, accepted 27 February 1995)

Abstract
We propose phenomenological equations to describe how forces "propagate" within a granular medium. The linear part of these equations is a wave equation, where the vertical coordinate plays the role of time, and the horizontal coordinates the role of space. This means that (in two dimensions) the stress propagates along "light-cones"; the angle of these cones is related (but not equal to) the angle of repose. Dispersive corrections to the picture, and various types of nonlinearity are discussed. Inclusion of nonlinear terms may be able to describe the "arching" phenomenon, which has been proposed to explain the nonintuitive horizontal distribution of vertical pressure (with a local minimum or "dip" under the apex of the pile) observed experimentally. However, for physically motivated parameter choices, a "hump", rather than a dip, is predicted. This is also true of a perturbative solution of the continuum stress equations for nearly-flat piles. The nature of the force fluctuations is also briefly discussed.



© Les Editions de Physique 1995

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.