J. Phys. I France 5 (1995) 1487-1499
Enhancement of Persistent Currents by Hubbard Interactions in Disordered 1D Rings: Avoided Level Crossings InterpretationMichael Kamal1, Ziad H. Musslimani2 and Assa Auerbach2
1 Goldman, Sachs & Co., 85 Broad St., New York, NY 10004, USA
2 Department of physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
(Received 26 January 1995, accepted 2 July 1995)
We study effects of local electron interactions on the persistent current of one dimensional disordered rings. For different realizations of disorder we compute the ensemble average current as a function of Aharonov-Bohm flux to zeroth and first orders in the Hubbard interaction. We find that the persistent current is enhanced by on site interactions. Using an avoided level crossings approach, we derive analytic formulas which explain the numerical results at weak disorder. The same approach also explains the opposite effect (suppression) found for spinless fermion models with intersite interactions.
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