J. Phys. I France
Volume 1, Numéro 11, November 1991
Page(s) 1603 - 1625
DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1991229
J. Phys. I France 1 (1991) 1603-1625

The influence of chemical impurities and X-ray induced defects on the single-particle and spin-density wave conductivity in the Bechgaard salts

S. Tomic1, J. R. Cooper1, W. Kang2, D. Jérome2 and K. Maki3

1  Institute of Physics of the University, POB 304, 41001 Zagreb, Croatia, Yugoslavia
2  Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Université de Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, France
3  Department of Physics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA , U.S.A.

(Received 16 May 1991, accepted in final form 30 July 1991)

We present some recent experimental and theoritical results obtained on the single particle and spin-density wave (SDW) conductivity in the Bechgaard salts (TMTSF) 2NO 3 and (TMTSF) 2PF 6. Particular emphasis is paid to the clearest example (TMTSF) 2PF 6 for which there is experimental evidence, namely the absence od 2 $k_{\rm F}$ diffuse scattering at low temperatures, for a pure SDW state below 12 K. A theoritical analysis starting from the anisotropic Hubbard model and taking into account the influence of long range Coulomb interactions can account for many features of the experimental data. The magnitude and temperature dependence of the threshold field and to some extent the magnitude of the SDW conductivity are well accounted for by this theory. Comparison with experimental data shows that for most batches of samples the SDW is weakly pinned to randomly distributed impurities or defects. Defects were then introduced in a controlled way by X-ray irradiation. This caused a substantial increase in threshold field and a changeover to the behaviour expected for a strongly pinned SDW. For a particular batch of samples the temperature dependence of the threshold field was unusual. A detailed theoretical analysis of commensurability pinning leads us to conclude that in this case the SDW was commensurate with the lattice. Some recent data dor the SDW conductivity in the field induced SDW phases of (TMTSF) 2PF 6 under pressure are also reported and discussed within the same theoretical framework.

© Les Editions de Physique 1991