J. Phys. I France
Volume 3, Numéro 2, February 1993
Page(s) 399 - 421
DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1993142
J. Phys. I France 3 (1993) 399-421

Material processing in high static magnetic field. A review of an experimental study on levitation, phase separation, convection and texturation

E. Beaugnon, D. Bourgault, D. Braithwaite, P. de Rango, R. Perrier de la Bathie, A. Sulpice and R. Tournier

Centre de Recherches sur les Très Basses Températures, CNRS, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 166, F38042 Grenoble Cedex 09, France

(Received 18 June 1992, accepted in final form 22 July 1992)

An inhomogeneous magnetic field exerts a force on magnetic materials and can be used either to compensate gravity, control convection in a magnetic liquid or modify the microstructure of a solidified multiphased system where the phases exhibit dilferent magnetic susceptibilities. A homogeneous field may produce a preferred crystallographic alignment in systems which exhibit an anisotropy of their magnetic susceptibility near their melting point. We present an experimental study of those ef[ ects, demonstrating t heir impact on the elaboration of a wide range of materials.

61.50C - 74.70V - 75.50M

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