J. Phys. I France
Volume 6, Numéro 2, February 1996
Page(s) 265 - 275
DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1996147
J. Phys. I France 6 (1996) 265-275

The Temperature Dependent Shear-Strain of the (NbSe $\bf _4$) $\bf _{10}$I $\bf _3$ Compound, a Quasi-One-Dimensional Charge Density Wave System, below the Peierls Transition

Z. Vucic1, J. Gladic2, C. Haas1 and J.L. De Boer1

1  University of Groningen, Laboratory of Chemical Physics, Materials Science Center, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
2  Institute of Physics of the University of Zagreb, Bijenicka cesta 46, P.O.B. 304, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

(Received 19 July 1995, received in final form 24 October 1995, accepted 3 November 1995)

An X-ray study of the quasi-one-dimensional charge density wave (CDW) system (NbS 4) 10I 3 as a function of temperature from room temperature down to 130 K has been performed by taking oscillation and zeroth level Weissenberg photographs. A reversible transformation of the room temperature tetragonal lattice into four symmetrically-related monoclinic domains has been observed at the Peierls transition temperature, $T_{\rm P}\approx 285$ K, with a continuous change of the monoclinic angle from 90° to 92.1° at 130 K. The monoclinic deformation of the tetragonal lattice, i.e. the shear-strain along the chain axis seems to be an elastic response to the long wavelength transverse modulation of the 3D-CDW order which can be qualitatively explained by taking into account the Coulomb interaction between CDWs on neighbouring chains up to the next-nearest-neighbours.

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