J. Phys. I France
Volume 6, Numéro 12, December 1996
Page(s) 2327 - 2354
DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1996221
J. Phys. I France 6 (1996) 2327-2354

Flux Lattice Melting and Dimensional Crossover in Bi-2212 Single Crystals

P.H. Kes1, H. Pastoriza1, T.W. Li1, R. Cubitt2, E.M. Forgan3, S.L. Lee4, M. Konczykowski5, B. Khaykovich6, D. Majer6, D.T. Fuchs6 and E. Zeldov6

1  Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9506 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
2  Institut Laue-Langevin, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
3  School of Physics and Space Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
4  School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St. Andrews, Scotland
5  Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, École Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau, France
6  Department of Condensed Matter Physics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel

(Received 14 June 1996, received in final form and accepted 26 August 1996)

Flux lattice melting in Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O 8+x (Bi-2212) single crystals has recently been studied by various techniques. In this contribution to the I. Schegolev Memorial Volume we review some experiments and compare their results. Muon-spin rotation and small angle neutron scattering (SANS) gave the first indications for an abrupt change of the flux lattice structure along a line in the B-T phase diagram. Experiments with Hall-sensor arrays proved that the flux line lattice experiences a first order phase transition (FOT) at this line. Measured as a function of field the resistance shows an abrupt kink at the FOT line and flux flow through narrow channels reveals a sudden drop of the shear modulus. Subsequent studies showed that the location of the FOT line in the phase diagram strongly depends on oxygen stoichiometry. For decreasing temperature the FOT line terminates at a critical point and continues into an almost field independent line which represents the location of a sharp peak in the magnetization (second peak). The second-peak line coincides with a crossover region in the low temperature range of the B-T diagram where both the muon spin rotation and SANS experiments reveal a transition from a lattice of flux lines to a lattice of pancake vortices. We compare our results with theoretical scenarios.

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