J. Phys. I France 5 (1995) 265-286
Aging on Parisi's TreeJ.-P. Bouchaud and D.S. Dean
Service de physique de l'Etat Condensé, Direction des Recherches sur l'Etat Condensé, les Atomes et les Molécules, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
(Received 23 September 1994, accepted 1 December 1994)
We present a detailed study of simple "tree" models for off equilibrium dynamics and aging in glassy systems. The simplest tree describes the landscape of a random energy model, whereas multifurcating trees occur in the solution of the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model. An important ingredient taken from these models is the exponential distribution of deep free-energies, which translate into a power-law distribution of the residence time within metastable "valleys". These power law distributions have infinite mean in the spin-glass phase and this leads to the aging phenomenon. To each level of the tree is associated an overlap and the exponent of the time distribution. We solve these models for a finite (but arbitrary) number of levels and show that a two-level tree accounts very well for many experimental observations (thermoremanent magnetization, a.c. susceptibility, second noise spectrum....). We introduce the idea that the deepest levels of the tree correspond to equilibrium dynamics whereas the upper levels correspond to aging. Temperature cycling experiments suggest that the borderline between the two is temperature dependent. The spin-glass transition corresponds to the temperature at which the uppermost level is put out of equilibrium but is subsequently followed by a sequence of (dynamical) phase transitions corresponding to non equilibrium dynamics within deeper and deeper levels. We tentatively try to relate this "tree" picture to the real space "droplet" model, and speculate on how the final description of spin-glasses might look like.
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