Numéro
J. Phys. I France
Volume 1, Numéro 12, December 1991
Page(s) 1665 - 1668
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/jp1:1991233
DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1991233
J. Phys. I France 1 (1991) 1665-1668

On the failure of water to freeze from its surface

Michael Elbaum and M. Schick

Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195, U.S.A.


(Received 12 August 1991, accepted 9 October 1991)

Abstract
We show that water in equilibrium is not expected to freeze from its surface inward, contrary to the expectation of elementary theories. We do this in two ways; by utilizing a recent calculation of the interfacial energy of the ice/water interface, and by an explicit calculation of the surface free energy of a water/vapor interface which incorporates a film of ice.



© Les Editions de Physique 1991

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