J. Phys. I France
Volume 1, Numéro 12, December 1991
Page(s) 1665 - 1668
DOI: 10.1051/jp1:1991233
J. Phys. I France 1 (1991) 1665-1668

On the failure of water to freeze from its surface

Michael Elbaum and M. Schick

Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195, U.S.A.

(Received 12 August 1991, accepted 9 October 1991)

We show that water in equilibrium is not expected to freeze from its surface inward, contrary to the expectation of elementary theories. We do this in two ways; by utilizing a recent calculation of the interfacial energy of the ice/water interface, and by an explicit calculation of the surface free energy of a water/vapor interface which incorporates a film of ice.

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